Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit is drupe which, when fresh and fully mature, is about 5 mm in diameter, dark red, and contains a stone which encloses a single pepper seed.
More than just a food flavor enhancer, black pepper offers health benefits thanks to its bioactive compounds, with piperine being the most important. Piperine is a natural alkaloid that gives black pepper its pungent taste. It is also the main component that gives black pepper its health-boosting qualities.
People apply black pepper to the skin for measles, nerve pain, itchy skin caused by mites (scabies), and to treat pain. People inhale black pepper oil to prevent falls, to help quit smoking, and for trouble swallowing. In foods, black pepper and black pepper oil are used as a spice.
|Nutrients||Amount in 1 tsp of pepper||Daily adult requirement|
|Carbohydrates (g)||1.0 g, including 0.2 g of sugar||130|